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E-nformation S. C est une démarche nécessaire, mais pas suffisante pour le développement durable des structures info documentaires, étant donné que les valeurs et les convictions des bibliothécaires, plutôt traditionnelles et fermement enracinées, limitent la réactivité au changement et à l'innovation.
Par conséquent, les bibliothèques doivent devenir des organisations ouvertes au processus d'innovation, capables à s'adapter, dans le nouveau monde globalisé, hautement concurrentiel et basé sur la connaissance.
Les produse organice anti-imbatranire technologies, les méthodes modernes de planification et d'exploitation des ressources, la redéfinition des relations avec les utilisateurs conduisent à la nécessité de l'innovation et de la créativité dans les bibliothèques, dans les services et les offres d informations, dans les facilités destinées à fournir les informations aux bénéficiaires, avec un maximum de promptitude, de qualité et d'attractivité.
Dans ce contexte, le but de la Conférence BIBLIO est celui d offrir aux professionnels de la science de l'information un milieu propice à l échange des idées pour générer des solutions innovantes. L'objectif déclaré de cette édition est de présenter des exemples d'actions novatrices et de créer un lieu de partage des expériences différentes - des idées déjà mises en œuvre et leurs résultats.
La Conférence BIBLIO Innovation en bibliothèque s affirme comme un cadre favorisant la présentation et la concrétisation des idées créatrices destinées à soutenir le progrès et à optimiser les structures info documentaires, dans les conditions de concurrence acharnée, imposées par la société de mcdonald belgium allure anti aging, dans laquelle nous vivons. PhD Ing. This approach is necessary, however not sufficient, for the sustainable development of the info-documentary structures, considering the deeply rooted, traditionalist values and beliefs of the librarians community, which obstruct the receptivity to change and innovation.
Consequently, libraries must be adaptable institutions, open to the process of innovation within the new globalised world, intensely competitive and based on knowledge. State-of-art technologies, modern resource planning and enhancement methods, redefining the relations with the users, they all lead towards the necessity for innovation and creativity within the library, of the services and informational offers they promote, of the user information supply facilities, under the conditions of maximum promptness, quality and attractiveness.
In this context, the goal of the Conference BIBLIO is to offer the professionals in information science, an adequate environment for processing the ideas, in order to generate innovative solutions. The declared purpose of this edition is to present examples of innovative ideas, to become a space destined for sharing different, successfully applied experiences and their outcomes.
The BIBLIO Conference Innovation within Libraries creates the framework for exposing and substantiating the most creative ideas in order to foster progress and to optimize the info-documentary structures, under the circumstances of the fierce competition imposed by the informational society wherein we live. PhD Eng. Besides this presentation mcdonald belgium allure anti aging an overview about the state of discussion, about the first negotiations with the scientists as the data producers and about the first project ideas.
Key words: university, academic library, research data, digital data, preservation.
Preliminary remarks Starting from the beginning of their existence, preserving media is one of the major tasks of libraries. This business mcdonald belgium allure anti aging with the archiving of thousands and thousands of clay tablets in Mesopotamia, over the storing of some hundred thousand papyrus scrolls in the ancient Library of Alexandria, over the storing of some 10 thousand manuscripts and early prints of Bodleian Library till the about million documents in the Library of Congress.
Storing and preserving printed books and other printed material is the daily business of libraries worldwide and is nothing to talk about in detail. Librarians created a multitude of systems to store, to catalog, to retrieve and to make accessible printed library collections, which means that these techniques and procedures are well developed in more or less every library all over the world. Even if the collections are big, we can always observe the efforts to structure the physical content of our libraries.
Till today we are all doing these classical library processes, but since some years we have to recognize a new emerging challenge: More and more electronic media are coming in our libraries and are more and more intensively influencing the classical procedures within our institutions. Today nearly all important academic libraries have set up so-called digital libraries, where you can search for electronic journal content, for electronic books and other purchased, so-called born digital material, but where you can also find digitized library content, like rare books and other material from the special collections.
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Besides this in many cases you have additional access to retro-digitized dissertations, old journals or fotos. Complementary to this complex situation you will also have classical electronic media formats, like CDs, DVDs, videos in different technical versions, discs etc. Today this problem may perhaps not be relevant for every library, because many of them are still mainly focused on the analog world.
The more this situation will change in the direction of the digital world, the more important it will be, to have a strategic vision how to deal with the electronic content.
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And the more electronic content you have, the more pressure will have the library managers, to present an acceptable solution for their university clients. The university environment When we look at a typical university environment, we have to determine that there are three general types of electronic data which should or must be stored on a long-term basis: digital content, coming from the library administrative records primary research data as outcome of scientific work As already mentioned above, more or less all university libraries have established variably substantial collections of electronic data.
In most cases these data are typical library data, which range from bibliographical catalog data, from full-texts of purchased electronic journals and books to self-digitized digital objects like photos, manuscripts and rare books, maps and other university documents. Till today the everyday work in libraries is focused besides the work with printed materials on the acquisition, indexing and presentation of electronic data and not really on answering the question how to handle these data in terms of long-term preservation and longterm securing.
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But, on the other hand, step by step many librarians have recognized within the mcdonald belgium allure anti aging few years that there is a real tough problem emerging, a time bomb, as it was already described in by M. Can we justify to spend millions of Euro for purchasing electronic library content on the one hand side, and to have no strategy how to save this financial, intellectual and scientific fortune for the next 50 or years?
In the meantime there are some very important activities on the international level, which try to develop strategies, but also practical applications for storing and securing library data. Within the world-wide library community we have a growing understanding that professionally taking care about electronic data will be one of the big tasks for libraries for the next decades.
Optimistically, this may be true for the classical library data. Otherwise when you look at this issue from a more general point of view, from a university s perspective, than library data is only one part of the problem. There are also other relevant data, produced within an academic environment, for which the university is responsible.
When we talk about long-term storage or long-term preservation of data in an university environment, we also have to talk about the records, produced as the result of the administrative processes.
Acting and reacting in the electronic world, the university administrations have to think about the long-term storage of their files. In many academic institutions the archives are part of the library organizations, which leads us to the statement, that storing and securing the electronic records coming out of the administrative activities of an university, can also be a very important issue for the academic library of the future.
We always should have in mind, that at the end of the day the librarians are the ones with the knowledge how to structure and mcdonald belgium allure anti aging accessible data. The third aspect in this discussion is the issue with the storage and preservation of primary research data. Modern science, especially within the Sciences, technology and medicine, but also in the social sciences, are extremely data-intensive, which means that with every measurement in a chemical laboratory, with every opinion survey or with every questioning protocol in the field of oral history, thousands and thousands of records or files are produced, which have to be stored over a defined period of time.
The easiest way for university administrations is the mcdonald belgium allure anti aging to put the preserving responsibility for primary research data onto the shoulders of the scientists. This may be comfortable for the university administrations, but is perhaps not very clever from a scientific, historical or legal point of view.
There are many examples, where scientifically important measurements could not be mcdonald belgium allure anti aging, because of the lack or the loss of the primary data. Besides this there are many cases, where there is an obligation mcdonald belgium allure anti aging store research data for a certain period of time.
All this leads us to the statement, that preserving and storing primary research data in a structured, well-organized way, can will? What are primary research data? As already mentioned above, from a library s point of view, the long-term storage and long-term preservation of digital library content and of administrative records are in a broader sense classical issues for science libraries.
The work has to be done, and there are possibly some challenges, we have to think about: What are the appropriate strategies for handling bigger amounts of data?
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Where do we get the money from? What about the right storage techniques within our libraries? The answers for these questions may be time consuming and complex, but at the end of the day librarians have the knowledge and the experience to solve these problems.
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However when we talk about primary research data the situation is totally different: We are talking about vast amounts of data and we are talking about regularly unstructured and mostly very heterogeneous data.
Besides this, libraries and librarians are not the first address for scientists, when the discussion about storage and preservation of research data is coming up.
Once again: What are the goals and the challenges, when we talk about primary research data in the context of an university? Why long-term preservation of research data Research and development, science and teaching on an university level are being transformed by dramatic change processes in information technology and its applications over the last years.
The power of computers and computer systems has incredibly grown up, the bandwidths of the worldwide networks has increased dramatically and the volumes of data and information in general cannot be measured anymore 2. As already mentioned above, since hundreds of years, libraries have expertise to handle big amounts of data, especially in printed format. In this respect, libraries know what do, how to structure the metadata, how to catalog the books and how to keep accessible big collections.
The situation in the electronic world is quite different, much more complex, much more technology-driven and the handling of data in the digital world is first of all a mass problem. This is a new approach and all academic institutions, all academic libraries have to develop a strategy, how to deal with this problem. In their e-sience Data Curation Report Lord and Mcdonald defined seven expecially relevant reasons to keep data on a long-term scale: possible re-use of old data for new scientific problems retention and preservation of unique observational data, which cannot be recreated retention and preservation of those data, whose maintaining is cheaper than its regenerating enhancing already existing data, which are available for research activities for compliance with legal requirements for the validation of already published research results for the use in teaching These points show very clearly that keeping research data on a long-term basis, has a lot mcdonald belgium allure anti aging for academic institutions.
At the end stood the decision to promote this idea in the different organizational bodies of the university and after a positive feedback, the application of a defined project, the Project Digital Data Preservation was presented to the university s board.
Who is responsible and who accepts this responsibility? Which external service providers are employed? What are the specific needs of researchers?
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After finishing phase 3 there will be a report about the experiences, the acceptance within the sciences and also about the necessary resources for the attention of the university s board.
Our impression after the first two phases is, that ETH Zurich will decide to run a permanent, centralized service for the preservation of relevant research data.
Conclusion Although the digital age is well under way, till today at most universities one crucial detail remains to be worked out. Only at a few places are existing written and accepted strategies, how to structure, collect, index and store vast amounts of digital information in a way that allows future generations of scientists to recover and to use it.
The scientists as data creators have to define, which data in which profoundness must be selected, the librarians are responsible for structuring and indexing mcdonald belgium allure anti aging data, the IT people have to tell us, in which way on which technical platforms the data will be stored and the university managers have to allocate the financial resources.
Hedstrom, Margaret. Digital preservation.
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A time bomb for Digital Libraries. Klump, Jens et al. Data publication in the Open Access Iniciative. Lord, Philip, Mcdonald, Alison. Data curation for e-science in the UK: an audit to establish requirements for future curation and provision.
Neuroth, Heike et al.
Eine kleine Enzyklopädie der digitalen Langzeitarchivierung. Rothenberg, Jeff. Avoiding technological quicksand. Finding a viable technical foundation for digital preservation.
Smith, Vincent S. Towards a database of everything. There are analyzed the types of specific activities and the manner in which university libraries should respond, so as to support the transposition in practice of the strategic directions i A series of new services are proposed, based on the concept Future Internet wherewith a university library may contribute to the education process, in order to support the development of the cohesion education research innovation.
Key words: European strategy i, digital content, Future Internet, university libraries, service.
The paper summarises the actions proposed by the i European Strategy regarding the development of digital content in various areas. Specific types of activities are analysed along with the manner university libraries should respond in order to implement the strategic directions of i The paper presents a series of new services based on the "Future Internet" concept, services that allow an university library to contribute to the educational process supporting the development of education - research - innovation cohesion.
Two elements that are also defining the i have played a key role in the European programmes and strategies: Digital Literacy and avoiding of the "digital divide"; Development of digital content. Along with these two components, in the last years of the past decade a new approach was also added, namely the electronic services e-services. The i Digital Ser anti-imbatranire lumiere The Digital Agenda launched in September has the following strategic objectives: - a unique and dynamic digital market; - interoperability and standardisation; - reliability and security; - fast and super-fast Internet access; - research and innovation; - increase the degree of Digital Literacy, development of digital proficiency and inclusion; - social advantages of ICT in the European Union.
As it can be noticed, among these objectives, Internet access and Digital Literacy are directly oriented towards the citizen and implicitly towards electronic services. The main specific strategic actions, out of which, 23 are proposed by Member States aim for mcdonald belgium allure anti aging "centred, sustainable and inclusive" growth of the European economy. Informatics in the 21st Century Trends At the end of the 20th Century, informatics was profoundly marked by the outburst of the PCs, software applications vizionar anti-imbatranire on this platform and crema de fata bruno vassari in all domains of activity.
Besides, libraries, in the ample modernisation movement, have adopted the same general view. In the 21st Century, informatics seems to follow other directions, presented below: - shifting from PC informatics to general platforms made available to several users simultaneously; - development of complex hardware and software infrastructures, such as Grid, Cloud, etc.
In the last decade, the library sector was strongly influenced by concepts and activities concerning document digitisation. Financing crema de ingrijire a corpului numerous research projects on national and European level oriented towards the "digital library" concept, in many countries, as well as European documents concerning the establishment of national digital libraries led to the emergence of numerous digital collections.
These are created in libraries as well as in other structures that don't necessarily have library functions but are employed in the process of information-documentation for various users' communities, researchers' communities, public employees, etc. The emergence of digital collections implicitly led to the necessity of collaboration and cooperation on institutional and functional levels, directly affecting the services utilised.
In this respect Europeana Europeana Digital Library is significant.
The existence of the digital content, sometimes its overlapping, brought to life new concepts such as users' management, digital collection management, etc. These services can be found muraad anti-imbatranire a larger or smaller extend in computerized libraries with digital collections backed by an suitable software instrument. The fundamental difference is the shifting from a service oriented towards library to a service oriented towards Web, sustained by suitable communication networks.
In a broader approach, this kind of services can be stored on CLOOUD type platforms, available for libraries and implicitly for users.
In this respect the transition from the digital library to the virtual one becomes obvious. The elements that define these two concepts are presented in the illustration below: Digital library collection : o repository of digital documents and information managed with ICT instruments; o High performance computing resources made available for specific functions semantic search, automated classification and tabulation of information, automated keyword and knowledge extraction ; Virtual Library: o Shared repository of knowledges, physically dematerialized; 10 24 International Conference on Library and Information Science BIBLIO o virtual organisation administering digital and informatics resources for a community ensures the management of information, documents and users ; o collaborative environment for education and scientific research.
University libraries have all necessary elements for the development of content-based e- Services.
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The main arguments are: - numerous users that can also produce quality, up-to-date content in various areas professors and researchers activating in universities ; - the current trend in education of promoting e-learning systems; - suitable ICT infrastructures present in all universities high-speed networks, equipment, Grid platforms, Cloud platforms, etc.
On the other hand, objectives of universities related to the development of ICT abilities for students, along with study support on electronic media, concur in a definite manner to the emergence of procedures strictly related to e-services. The schematic diagram of the operation-oriented e-services platform for Libraries is described as fallows: The functional scheme of the service platform for libraries Conclusions Creating hardware and software platforms to support e-services within a library may be a new approach towards modernisation of libraries.
Achieving such a model to comply with the present information trends involves a significant effort for organisation, standardisation and cooperation. Equally, the interoperability of library systems must mcdonald belgium allure anti aging a central role in the strategy and the policy of creating a services platform for libraries.